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Install Folding@Home on OpenBSD 4.3
This HOWTO shows how you can install Folding@Home using Linux emulation on OpenBSD 4.3.
A more recent version of this HOWTO is available for OpenBSD 4.6
The basic process is:
Before we can even think about running Folding@Home we need to install OpenBSD 4.3 first.
The fine people of the OpenBSD project have written an excellent installation manual,
which we'll follow to get our OpenBSD 4.3 system up and running.
Once the freshly installed system is has been rebooted, we can start to set it up so we can start folding.
Run through the afterboot instructions, and add a user account for yourself. We'll create a user account
to fold under later, before we install the Folding@Home client with finstall.
Step 1.1: Install bsd-get
After we've installed OpenBSD I always like to install bsd-get, as I'm a long time Debian GNU/Linux user,
it gives me a nice apt-get like method to install OpenBSD packages.
First we'll install wget via pkg_add, after which we'll use it to download bsd-get:
# /usr/sbin/pkg_add -r ftp://ftp.calyx.nl/pub/OpenBSD/4.3/packages/i386/wget-1.10.2p1.tgz # wget http://linuxminded.nl/software/bsd-get/bsd-get -O /usr/local/sbin/bsd-get # chmod u+x /usr/local/sbin/bsd-get # bsd-get update Connected to ftp.calyx.nl. 220- 220- .__ 220- ____ _____ | | ___.__.___ ___ 220- _/ ___\__ \ | |< | |\ \/ / 220- \ \___ / __ \| |_\___ | > < 220- \___ >____ /____/ ____|/__/\_ \ 220- \/ \/ \/ \/ 220- ------ Calyx Internet B.V. ----- 220- http://www.calyx.net - New York City 220- http://www.calyx.nl - Amsterdam 220- 220- Large-scale security-focused web hosting and colocation. 220- Internet systems design and integration. 220- 220- For any questions or comments regarding this archive 220- please email email@example.com. 220- 220- ============================================================================= 220- Legal Notice: This PRIVATE system is for the use of authorized users only. 220- Individuals using this computer system without authority, or in excess of 220- their authority, are subject to having all of their activities on this 220- system monitored and recorded by system personnel. 220- ============================================================================= 220- 220 ftp.calyx.nl FTP server ready. 331 Guest login ok, send your email address as password. 230 Guest login ok, access restrictions apply. Remote system type is UNIX. Using binary mode to transfer files. 200 Type set to I. 250 CWD command successful. Retrieving pub/OpenBSD/4.3/packages/i386/index.txt local: /root/.bsd-get.index remote: index.txt 150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for 'index.txt' (108282 bytes). 100% |*******************************************************| 105 KB 00:00 226 Transfer complete. 108282 bytes received in 0.21 seconds (513.59 KB/s) 221 Goodbye.Now that we have bsd-get up and running we can use it to install additional packages.
Step 1.2: Install additional packages
Some packages you can likely not live without or are simply very usefull to have installed:
# bsd-get install bash-3 # bsd-get install screen-4.*p1.tgz # bsd-get install rsync-2 # bsd-get install lsofNow we're ready to install the Linux emulation.
Step 2: Install Linux emulation
Getting the Linux emulation installed on OpenBSD is quite easy as described in the OpenBSD FAQ:
Running Linux binaries on OpenBSD.
The GENERIC OpenBSD kernel already has Linux emulation support, you only need to enable it:
# sysctl kern.emul.linux=1 kern.emul.linux: 0 -> 1To also have Linux emulation enabled at boot, set kern.emul.linux=1 in /etc/sysctl.conf:
# cat /etc/sysctl.conf | sed 's/#kern.emul.linux=1/kern.emul.linux=1/' > /etc/sysctl.conf.new # diff -u /etc/sysctl.conf /etc/sysctl.conf.new --- /etc/sysctl.conf Wed Mar 12 17:28:24 2008 +++ /etc/sysctl.conf.new Sat May 3 22:26:30 2008 @@ -42,5 +42,5 @@ #kern.emul.bsdos=1 # enable running BSD/OS binaries #kern.emul.freebsd=1 # enable running FreeBSD binaries #kern.emul.ibcs2=1 # enable running iBCS2 binaries -#kern.emul.linux=1 # enable running Linux binaries +kern.emul.linux=1 # enable running Linux binaries #kern.emul.svr4=1 # enable running SVR4 binaries # mv /etc/sysctl.conf.new /etc/sysctl.confYou'll need to install the Fedora base package which install the libraries that are used by Linux executables:
# bsd-get install fedora_base Going to install 1 packages: fedora_base-4.0p3.tgz Do you want to continue? (yes/no) [yes]: yes /usr/sbin/pkg_add -r ftp://ftp.calyx.nl/pub/OpenBSD/4.3/packages/i386/fedora_base-4.0p3.tgz fedora_base-4.0p3: completeNow let's install Folding@Home.
Step 3: Install Folding@Home
We'll use Ivo "Ivoshiee" Sarak's finstall to install the Folding@Home client. It's a nice bash script
which allows you to easily install the Folding@Home client (or several instances of the single core
client if you have multiple CPUs), an init script and (optionally) the third party tools qd and fpd.
We won't run Folding@Home as root, but under a dedicated user account used only to run the
Folding@Home client. First we need to create the account:
# adduser folding Use option ``-silent'' if you don't want to see all warnings and questions. Reading /etc/shells Check /etc/master.passwd Check /etc/group Ok, let's go. Don't worry about mistakes. There will be a chance later to correct any input. Enter username : folding Enter full name : Folding@Home user Enter shell bash csh ksh nologin sh [bash]: Uid : Login group folding [folding]: Login group is ``folding''. Invite folding into other groups: guest no [no]: Login class authpf daemon default staff [default]: Enter password : Set the password so that user cannot logon? (y/n) [n]: y Name: folding Password: **** Fullname: Folding@Home user Uid: 1001 Gid: 1001 (folding) Groups: folding Login Class: default HOME: /home/folding Shell: /usr/local/bin/bash OK? (y/n) [y]: Added user ``folding'' Copy files from /etc/skel to /home/folding Add another user? (y/n) [y]: n Goodbye!Note: It's important to set the folding users shell to bash because the finstall script contains bashisms
and thereby only runs correctly in bash.
We can now login to the folding account and give it a prettier prompt:
# su - folding -bash-3.2$ echo "PS1='\u@\h:\w\$ '" >> .profile -bash-3.2$ echo "export PS1" >> .profile -bash-3.2$ . .profile folding@vmware-openbsd:~$And finally install the Folding@Home client:
folding@vmware-openbsd:~$ wget http://ra.vendomar.ee/~ivo/finstall --23:07:06-- http://ra.vendomar.ee/~ivo/finstall => `finstall' Resolving ra.vendomar.ee... 188.8.131.52 Connecting to ra.vendomar.ee|184.108.40.206|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 164,110 (160K) [text/plain] 100%[==================================================>] 164,110 232.89K/s 23:07:07 (232.43 KB/s) - `finstall' saved [164110/164110] folding@vmware-openbsd:~$ chmod u+x finstall folding@vmware-openbsd:~$ ./finstall [...snip...]After finstall is done downloading and installing we can let root use the installService script to have
the Folding@Home client started at boot time:
folding@vmware-openbsd:~/foldingathome$ logout # bash ~folding/foldingathome/installService Installing FAH as a service... What user shall I run FAH as? folding # tail -3 /etc/rc.local /etc/rc.shutdown ==> /etc/rc.local <== #Start up Folding@Home Service echo "Starting Folding@Home Service..." su - folding -c "/home/folding/foldingathome/folding start" ==> /etc/rc.shutdown <== su - folding -c "/home/folding/foldingathome/folding stop" echo "Sleeping 20 seconds to allow Folding@Home service time to shut down properly..." sleep 20Note: This script needs to be run by root, because it modifies /etc/rc.local and /etc/rc.shutdown.
Fortune: Laws of Computer Programming: (1) Any given program, when running, is obsolete. (2) Any given program costs more and takes longer. (3) If a program is useful, it will have to be changed. (4) If a program is useless, it will have to be documented. (5) Any given program will expand to fill all available memory. (6) The value of a program is proportional the weight of its output. (7) Program complexity grows until it exceeds the capability of the programmer who must maintain it.